A November New York State casino referendum for voters has one lawyer questioning the ballot's wording
In November, New York voters are scheduled to vote on a referendum that would enable several new casino resorts become built through the state. But if one Brooklyn lawyer is effective, that referendum shall be halted due to language into the ballot question that he claims violates state legislation.
Referendum Language Questioned
The language in the referendum carries a amount of 'legislative purposes' that paint the proposition in a light that is unmistakably positive. For instance, the concern mentions 'promoting work growth, increasing aid to schools and permitting regional governments to lower property taxes.' That language was approved by hawaii Board of Elections in July.
But now, attorney Eric J. Snyder is contending that the language in the bill violates New York legislation. In accordance with case filed in the New York State Supreme Court, Snyder alleges that the language violates the continuing State Constitution's prohibition on the utilization of general public money in the aid of 'private undertakings.'
'The Constitution is pretty clear that you cannot use general public money to sway or influence a vote,' Snyder said.
Snyder isn't the one that is only has taken up problems with the language within the referendum. Many government watchdog groups also view it as one-sided, and groups that are religious also noted the language used whenever telling parishioners to consider social ills that could come with the advertised advantages of casino expansion.
Interestingly, the original language in the referendum didn't mention any of the benefits which are set to appear in the ballot question that is final. When the first draft arrived from their state attorney general's office, the language was more direct and didn't are the legislative purposes. Those showed up only following the Board of Elections changed the wording, after just what co-chairman Douglas Kellner said had been 'extensive talks.'
Wording Can Affect Outcome, Historically Speaking
The language of a ballot question might appear such as a trivial thing to battle over, but history indicates time and again that even minor changes to the title or wording of legislation may have a significant effect on public opinion, and which includes proven real yet again in this case.
According up to a poll by Siena College, 55% of New York voters were in favor associated with the referendum when these were read the question because it is scheduled to show up on the November 5 ballot, with 42% compared. But when voters were instead expected a question that is similar more neutral language, these were evenly split on the issue.
That 'advocating language' is exactly what Snyder whom also opposes casino expansion individually says should cause the court to enjoin voting on the bill until more language that is neutral place in its place.
'It is partisan, and its having an effect,' Snyder said. 'And that's not the federal government's part.'
Regardless of the promising poll numbers, the success regarding the referendum is in some doubt regardless of the language used. With no statewide elections set for November, turnout is probable to be low in most towns. However in nyc, a contested mayor's race will probably lead to higher turnout there and voters into the town tend to be more skeptical about the casino expansion than voters in all of those other state.
For Tribal Gaming Lobby, it is a row that is tough Hoe in Congress
Scenes like this one, of tribal gaming lobbyists working their problems in Congress, don't seem to be creating many outcomes these times
An lot that is awful of are unhappy with the direction or lack thereof of the United States Congress this year. You can now add Native American tribes that operate casinos across the nation to that particular list that is long.
No Respect in Congress for Tribal Issues
Talking about the lack of any federal legislation to clarify and regulate the brand new relative Wild West that is state-by-state online gambling in the U.S. these days, John Gusik a founding partner regarding the Washington D.C.-based law and government relations services outfit called the Franklin Partnership, had this to state at the recent worldwide Gaming Expo (G2E) in Las Vegas: 'There happen 4,500 bills in Congress this year; only 31 have been enacted. It's really a do-nothing Congress. Seventy-two bills dealing with tribal issues and none are enacted. Web gaming continues to languish in Congress.'
Whilst the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act of 1988 established the framework for Native American gambling enterprises to benefit this until-then underclass economically, it has not all been champagne and flowers for some of the tribes, who still grapple with basic issues such as better education and health care due to their members. And now as legal online poker in Nevada and imminently, legal online casino gambling in nj-new Jersey and Maryland just take hold the Indian 'special nation' status vis a vis casinos may be threatened, specially as gambling industry executives warn of impending market saturation throughout a lot of the U.S. that will affect the entire market.
Obviously, all the drama surrounding health care and also the government shutdown hasn't exactly helped put focus on Indian casino industry issues either.
Casino Money Isn't Enough, Lobbyists Insist
The National Indian Gaming Commission showed $27.9 billion in gaming revenues in 2012, which is up 2.6 percent from $27.2 billion in 2011, therefore the tribes may have trouble garnering much sympathy from anyone in a nevertheless unsteady economy, but lobbyists says there is much more at stake for the tribes than just income.
'they think you must work on Indian gaming all the time,' said Pete Kirkham, who runs Red Maple Consulting, a government affairs and political strategy firm, and works with many of the tribes on various legislative issues if you represent tribes. ' Gaming takes up some time but it is also about wellness care, training and housing.'
Kirkham says they are still waiting on 13 appropriation bills that the tribes importance of funding. He says that while the majority of tribal income is gaming-derived, that much of it goes directly back in the community.
'Everything is now seen through the prism of gaming,' said Jana McKeag, president of Lowry techniques, an Alexandria, Va., government and public affairs firm that is consulting. 'Congress believes that tribes have all this video gaming money … why do they need (federal dollars)?'
Other dilemmas that tribal lobbyists want addressed involve the profusion of off-reservation casinos in areas where those casinos might take company away from the ones that are indian. Additionally, the expansion of online cafes in states like California, Florida, and vermont have emerged as a problem the entire video gaming industry must deal with.
'In California, for instance, they truly are unlawful but the state doesn't have money to shut them down,' McKeag noted on the G2E panel. 'These are typically not regulated and can be an chance for money laundering. The problem is them down, they just pop up elsewhere. if they shut'
Meanwhile, with every thing occurring in Congress at this time, it doesn't look like tribal gaming issues will probably proceed to leading of the line any time soon.
Gambling enterprises Ready to Add Nostalgia-Based Skill Games to Their Rosters
Slot manufacturer IGT has reintroduced the Centipede that is old game slots to tap to the nostalgia craze
With regards to the games they feature, gambling enterprises are usually careful to limit just how much players can impact the games through their skill. Sure, blackjack and video clip poker offer players the chance to make skillful choices, but even perfect play nevertheless makes the casino with a little advantage (and if you overcome that through card counting, they can always just stop letting you play). Most other games, like slots, are completely based on random fortune.
Everything Old is New Again
However with casinos looking for new avenues with which to attract clients, it seems like skill-based gaming may be coming to a venue towards you. That's the word from the Global Gaming Expo (G2E), where manufacturers were showing off games that allow players to make use of their skills in an effort to give them a better possiblity to win cash.
The biggest hit that ended up being seen at G2E in this genre is a machine developed by International Game Technology. IGT has made a machine on the basis of the 1981 hit arcade game Centipede, in which players shoot digital insects to be able to score points.
Centipede had been originally developed by Atari, an ongoing company that has very long since passed its heyday. But IGT and other manufacturers are hoping to cash in for a revolution of nostalgia which could attract middle-aged gamblers whom have fond memories of playing very early arcade games.
The points that players score could be directly translated into money in the casino version of Centipede. Needless to say, the casino still wants to have the bonus, so you'll have to get happy to get into bonus rounds and even probably the most player that is skilled be an underdog in the end against the casino.
Playing Against Other Players on Machines
But that's not where games like Centipede plan on stopping. The machine also enables two players to get head-to-head on the machines, because of the better player walking away with all the winnings. That's a true battle of skill, just like just how players can fulfill one another at the poker table, with the casino taking only a small cut to ensure they profit.
Middle-agers aren't the only people that IGT and other manufacturers (WMS and Aristocrat both say they have skill-based games into the works) are hoping that these games can pull in; these businesses also want to lure more youthful players to slots, which traditionally happen the bailiwick of a older demographic. A few new games by Bally Technologies even incorporate leader boards in order in an attempt to get players straight back in the habit of wanting high scores.
'The casino would love it if players are like, 'Oh, I obtained beat! I must return and play some more to get within the lead,'' said Bally spokesman Mike Trask. 'if they were 15 years old in 1985 playing against their friends, trying to get the score that is highest, that person is almost 50 years old now, plus they're right in the demographic.'
Others believe that the key will be matching players for head-to-head skill contests with money exactly in danger. It has become a reality in online video gaming, and some see casinos could do the same thing.
'Let me play Madden football, allow me play EA Hockey,' stated Geoff Freeman, head of the United states Gaming Association. ' We'll put $20 down, the winner gets $15 and the house gets $5.'